Characterization , when used in materials science , refers to the broad and general process by which a material's structure and properties are probed and measured.
Introduction to Optical Characterization of Materials
It is a fundamental process in the field of materials science, without which no scientific understanding of engineering materials could be ascertained. While many characterization techniques have been practiced for centuries, such as basic optical microscopy, new techniques and methodologies are constantly emerging. In particular the advent of the electron microscope and Secondary ion mass spectrometry in the 20th century has revolutionized the field, allowing the imaging and analysis of structures and compositions on much smaller scales than was previously possible, leading to a huge increase in the level of understanding as to why different materials show different properties and behaviors.
Microscopy is a category of characterization techniques which probe and map the surface and sub-surface structure of a material. These techniques can use photons , electrons , ions or physical cantilever probes to gather data about a sample's structure on a range of length scales. Some common examples of microscopy instruments include:. This group of techniques use a range of principles to reveal the chemical composition, composition variation, crystal structure and photoelectric properties of materials.
Some common instruments include:. A huge range of techniques are used to characterize various macroscopic properties of materials, including:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
See also: instrumental chemistry. Materials characterization techniques. Materials Characterization Techniques. CRC Press. If you do not already have an account you will need to register here. Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Optical Materials has an open access mirror journal Optical Materials: X , sharing the same aims and scope, editorial team, submission system and rigorous peer review.
The purpose of Optical Materials is to provide a means of communication and technology transfer between researchers who are interested The purpose of Optical Materials is to provide a means of communication and technology transfer between researchers who are interested in materials for potential device applications.
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